High Tech Center Training Unit for the California Community Colleges

- Challenges between math and access technology
- Math access and alternate formats
- Creating accessible math for the Web
- MathPlayer and Internet Explorer
- Resources

- Mathematical equations contain symbols and notation different from text
- These symbols and formatting communicate specific information about content as well as order of operation
- Mainstream assistive computer technology have not been able to "read" math content to communicate mathematical information to user

**Notes:**

WinTriangle is a software application that is designed to be a "rich-text editor" for math and scientific notation and allows a user to enter and read mathematical equations. While it does show promise, it is still in early development and I am not considering it mainstream assistive computer technology (yet).

- MathType is an equation editor for MS Office
- Allows equations to be entered into MS Word documents much like the Equation Editor
- Equations can be exported as MathML, images (.GIF), or TeX/LaTeX

**Notes:**

- MathType provides export option to create Web pages from MS Word
- Exported Web pages may contain equations presented as images OR MathML
- Web pages and equations can be viewed in either Mozilla/Netscape or Internet Explorer
- Internet Explorer requires MathPlayer
- Mozilla/Netscape require MathML fonts

- Assistive Technologies tested include Supernova, Window-Eyes, JAWS, and Read & Write Gold v. 8
- Sample Web page with math equations

**Notes:**

Additional math examples can be found at http://www.htctu.net/demos/ .

- Create your equations in MS Word using MathType
- Export to Web using the MathPage function
- Choose MathML export
- Select XHTML+MathML for IE and Mozilla/Netscape browsers

- View the web page in the appropriate Web browser
- Do not use the "Save As Web Page" option in MS Word!

**Notes:**

The web page will be exported with a .xht extension. This extension may not be recognized on your local computer by Internet Explorer and may only open with a Mozilla/Netscape browser provided you have the appropriate math fonts installed. However, if you upload the file to the server, then it should render correctly in Internet Explorer provided the .xht extension is a recognized MIME-type for your web server. For information on configuring the server check out: http://www.dessci.com/en/products/mathplayer/author/creatingpages.htm. This generally requires adding the .xht extension to the recognized MIME-types for the server.

If you will be serving up a number of websites with math content, you may wish to review Design Science's information about setting up Web servers, gateway pages, etc. at: http://www.dessci.com/en/products/mathplayer/author/creatingsites.htm

- When using MathPage to export from MS Word
- Choose XHTML+MathML for the equations to work with IE and Mozilla/Netscape
- May need to add MIME-type to Web server

(check with your server administrator)

- Creating your own MathML Web pages
- Design Science provides a sample template for creating Web pages with MathML
- The template source code is necessary for the operation of MathPlayer with MathML content

**Notes:**

The sample template is available at: http://www.dessci.com/en/products/mathplayer/author/creatingpages.htm .

- To create MathML content from MS Word = MathType
- To view MathML-based Web pages
- Using Internet Explorer = MathPlayer
- Using Mozilla/Firefox = MathML fonts

- For review on your local computer (not from a Web server), export as MathPlayer (IE-behavior)
- Scientific Notebook can also create MathML-based Web pages and convert to Nemeth braille, but
**does not**integrate into MS Word

**Notes:**

- MathType equations can be converted to Nemeth Braille using Scientific Notebook and Duxbury
- MathType equation is copied from MS Word file as TeX/LaTeX
- Equation is then pasted into Scientific Notebook using "Paste Special"
- Using Duxbury, open the Scientific Notebook file to convert to Nemeth Braille
- Advantage: If provided the MS Word file, you do not need to reenter the equation

**Notes:**

- High Tech Center Training Unit

http://www.htctu.net - HTCTU MathType Manual

http://www.htctu.net/trainings/manuals/tutmain.htm - MathType/MathPlayer

http://www.dessci.com - MathML Fonts for Mozilla/Netscape

http://www.mozilla.org/projects/mathml/fonts/ - Scientific Notebook

http://www.mackichan.com/

**Notes:**

For the MathML fonts, the hyperlink to install the fonts is called "font installer" and is located in the right sidebar of the page.

- Sean Keegan

Web Accessibility Instructor - High Tech Center Training Unit for the California Community Colleges
- http://www.htctu.net